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Natural Gas Cyclone Separators

Type L natural gas and liquid separator

The natural gas extraction process results in significant entrained liquid and solids that our cyclone separators are designed to remove right at the wellhead.   These pipeline damaging particulate also affect the efficiency of heat transfer and overall energy consumption.  Natural gas cyclone separators will remove 99% of entrained droplets and particles larger than 10 microns in size.  Our cyclonic separators are inherently reliable due to their fully welded design, having no internal components that require servicing or cleaning.

The body of our natural gas cyclone separators is matched to the element size within to ensure adequate area to remove the particulate with a negligible differential pressure.  Our design has no internal mesh elements or fine channels which require cleaning.

As the natural gas enters the separation vessel the entrained particles experience a reduced velocity due to the vessel having significantly more volume than the inlet pipeline, resulting in the larger contaminates falling to the bottom of the vessel.

The internal geometry within the separator generates centrifugal force, significant enough to propel high mass particulate to the vessel walls, where they coalesce and fall to the bottom due to gravity.  The less dense gas containing droplets finer than 10 microns  exit via a tube extending into the center of the centrifugal vortex and directly out of the vessel according to the desired flow path of your piping.

Centrifugal vortex containment plate

A baffle referred to as the vortex containment plate (VCP) is located near the drain port to prevent agitation and reentrainment of separated liquid and particles.The constant centrifugal vortex results in a scrubbing-like effect so it does not require cleaning.

Our 99% efficiency is maintained with an infinite turndown ratio, meaning that we maintain 99% efficiency during start-ups, shut-downs and system upsets related to lower flow rates.

The liquid handling capacity is typically expressed as a percentage of the overall weight flow and we have designs for 5% to 90% liquid loads.  Higher liquid loads require separators with a more complex internal geometry as well as an increased internal surface area.